Protocol Stacks in Relationship to the OSI Model


OSI
Layer
Apple
Computer
Banyan
Systems
DEC
DECnet
IBM
SNA
Microsoft
Networking
Novell
NetWare
TCP/IP
Internet
Xerox
XNS
OSI
Protocols
Application
Layer 7
Application Programs and Protocols
for file transfer, electronic mail, etc.
Presentation
Layer 6
AppleTalk
Filing
Protocol

(AFP)
Remote
Procedural
Calls

(Net RPC)
Network
Management
Network
Application
Transaction
Services
Presentation
Services
Server
Message
Block

(SMB)
NetWare
Core
Protocols

(NCP
(Telnet, FTP,
SMTP, etc.)
Control and
Process
Interaction
ISO
8823
Session
Layer 5
AppleTalk
Session
Protocol

(ASP)
Session Data
Flow
Control
Network Basic
Input/Output
System

(NetBIOS)
Network Basic
Input/Output
System

(NetBIOS)
ISO
8327
Transport
Layer 4
AppleTalk
Transaction
Protocol

(ATP)
VINES
InterProcess
Communications

(VIPC)
End
Communications
Transmission
Control
Network
Basic Extended
User Interface

(NetBEUI)
Sequenced
Packet
Exchange

(SPX)
Transmission
Control Protocol
(TCP),
Unacknowledged
Datagram Protocol
(UDP)
Sequenced
Packet
Protocol

(SPP)
ISO
8073

TP0-4
Network
Layer 3
Datagram
Delivery
Protocol

(DDP)
VINES
Internet
Protocol

(VIP)
Routing Path
Control
Internet
Packet
Exchange

(IPX)
Internet
Protocol

(IP)
Internet
Datagram
Protocol

(IDP)
ISO
8473

(CLNP)
Data Link
Layer 2
Network Interface Cards: Ethernet, Token-Ring, ARCNET, StarLAN, LocalTalk, FDDI, ATM, etc.
NIC Drivers: Open Datalink Interface (ODI), Network Independent Interface Specification (NDIS)
Physical
Layer 1
Transmission Media:
Twisted Pair, Coax, Fiber Optic, Wireless Media, etc.

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